This page will contain photos and information on all the New Species.

If we run out of new species we will use this page to display information on some of the species found in the Dene.

Total Number of Recorded Species in the Brierdene  31/12/2020

 Groups  Number
  Bats    3
  Bugs & Beatles    55
    Bumblebees - Bees - Solitary Bees    16
Butterflies    22
   Centipedes & Millipedes
Crustaceans    5
   Dragonflies    6
Fish and Amphibians    5
  Flies    57
  Fungi    45
Harvestman    2
  Ladybirds    9
Mammals    12
  Molluscs    10
Lichen, Liverworts Mosses and Slime
  Moths & Miners   170
  Plants, Bushes & Trees    330
  Reptiles     1
  Wasps    11
 Worms    11

Candlesnuff Fungus Xylaria hypoxylon

Also known as stag’s horn fungus or candlestick fungus

Photos below are from the Internet

Habitat: deadwood of broadleaved trees and moss, fruits all year round, especially during autumn and winter


Fruit bodies (ascocarps) are cylindrical or flattened with dimensions of 3–8 centimetres (1.2–3.1 in) tall × 2–8 mm thick


Fungi play an important role within our ecosystems, helping to recycle nutrients from dead or decaying organic matter, and providing food and shelter for different animals.


While it seems to refer to a relevant physical comparison, the common name Candlesnuff Fungus is something of an enigma.

It suggests something that once emitted light but no longer does so; however, in reality it is a bioluminescent fungus, and in a really dark place it can be seen to emit light continually as phosphorus accumulated within the mycelium reacts with oxygen and other chemicals in the fungus.

Unfortunately the amount of light from this and most other bioluminescent fungi is very weak indeed, and to see it clearly you need either an image intensifier (such as those built into night sights) or to take a long-exposure photograph in a totally dark room.

Species Information