FRIENDS

                   OF

           BRIERDENE

friendsofbrierdene.org.uk

This page will contain photos and information on all the New Species.


If we run out of new species we will use this page to display information on some of the species found in the Dene.





Total Number of Recorded Species in the Brierdene  30/09/2020

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 Groups  Number
 Arachnids
  36
  Bats    3
  Birds
   126
  Bugs & Beatles    52
    Bumblebees - Bees - Solitary Bees    16
Butterflies    21
   Centipedes & Millipedes
   2
Crustaceans    5
   Dragonflies    6
Fish and Amphibians    5
  Flies    55
  Fungi    43
Harvestman    2
  Ladybirds    9
Mammals    12
  Molluscs    10
Lichen, Liverworts Mosses and Slime
Moulds
   121
  Moths & Miners   170
  Plants, Bushes & Trees    330
  Reptiles     1
  Wasps    11
 Worms    11
   


Common Garden Spider  Araneus diadematus


This one was found after the grass cutting




This is also called the European garden spider, diadem spider, orangie, cross spider and crowned orb weaver.

 

Individual spiders' colourings can range from extremely light yellow to very dark grey, but all A. diadematus have mottled white markings across the dorsal abdomen, with four or more segments forming a cross. The markings are formed in cells filled with guanine, which is a byproduct of protein metabolism.

 

Adult females range in length from 6.5 to 20 mm (0.26 to 0.79 in), while males range from 5.5 to 13 mm (0.22 to 0.51 in).[7] Occasionally, the female will eat the male directly after mating

 

The legs of orb-weaver spiders are specialized for spinning orb webs. The webs are built by the larger females who hang head down in the center of the web or remain hidden in nearby foliage, with one claw hooked to a signal line connected to the main orb waiting for a disturbance to signal the arrival of prey.


Prey is then quickly bitten and wrapped in silk before being stored for later consumption. The initial bite serves to paralyze the prey and minimize the danger of the spider herself being stung or bitten, and the enzymes thus injected serve to begin liquefaction of the prey's internal structures.

 

Alongside the use of the web to capture other prey, the spiders are also cannibals and prey on each other. However, this only happens before, during or after sexual activity. They attack based on their size, sexual experience and hunger levels.

 

A. diadematus is a reclusive creature and only bites humans if cornered or otherwise provoked. It responds to a disturbance by vibrating rapidly in its web until it becomes a blur, a reaction that is assumed to confuse potential predators.

 

 

Garden spiders are extremely common and can be found across the UK. As the name suggests, they often occur in gardens, but are plentiful in more natural habitats such as woodland and grassland too.

 

Usually seen:  June to October




Species Information

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